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Pure as ice

Diamonds are formed under extreme conditions deep in the centre of the earth and take millions of years to create. The process is so lengthy, intense and unpredictable that inevitably certain formations occur inside the tight knot of hard crystals.

These formations are called inclusions and are usually described by their shape. Around 300 different types of inclusions have been defined. The most common ones found in nine out of ten stones are: cracks, feathers, crystal bubbles and pinpoints, which can gather and form clouds.

The clarity of a diamond is determined by its ability to refract and reflect light. If the stone contains numerous inclusions, these will block the reflection by absorbing the light.

A diamond with only a few inclusions or microscopic inclusions will have a greater ability to reflect light and will naturally be more expensive.